New Jerusalem: The Interrogation of Baruch de Spinoza

Some shows leave audiences humming a tune on their way out of the theatre. The hum you feel as the lights fall on New Jerusalem is a deeper vibration: the mental buzz that lingers after a wave of big thinking. Mental gymnastics are performed with flair in this invigorating drama, re-mounted at Theater J this month after a hugely successful run in 2010 (you can read the DCTS review of the original production here). Playwright David Ives is orchestrating points of philosophy rather than notes of music, and this team attains his velocity with a crisp, elegant, and better-than-ever production.

Alexander Strain and Michael Tolaydo (Photo: Stan Barouh)

We turn back to the year 1656 for this one, but the air in Amsterdam is palpably electric from scene one. Baruch de Spinoza, an ardent young Jewish student of philosophy (Alexander Strain, showing seemingly effortless grace) is passionately vocal about his spiritual quandaries. So entrenched is he in shoring up his burgeoning system of beliefs — about the universe, the spirit, and nature of God — that he doesn’t realize, at first, how much his talking has everyone talking.

Summoned to the synagogue by a seriously irked Christian official (ferociously acted by Lawrence Redmond), Spinoza must confront his kin on some sticky bits of sacred text. The pressure is on our poor boy to topple his tower to God, or face excommunication from his people, his community, and the city.

Ives was the crackling engine behind several of this past season’s hit DC plays, notably The Heir Apparent at Shakespeare Theatre Company and Venus in Fur at The Studio Theatre. He wouldn’t dare call this a comedy — indeed, his aptitude for surmounting greater planes of tension, pathos, and surprise are all showcased here — but New Jerusalem wouldn’t be an Ives play without a huge buoying draught of dry wit. The humor really starts to strike once the irons are hot, and Spinoza’s trial becomes not just a philosophical scuffle but a deeply emotional last chance to hold onto the people he loves. His self-effacing jokes, his coy rebuttals, and his occasional splash of snark kicks what might have been fodder for a merely watchable period courtroom drama into a higher, more heart-pumping battle of the minds.

Director Jeremy Skidmore’s unflinching grasp of the play’s rhythm and tone, coupled with exceptional supporting performances, also help carry the show to success. Colleen Delany, taking over the role of Spinoza’s hot-headed sister Rebekah, is a startling and combustible ingredient, as is Michael Kramer’s erratic and impatient Ben Israel. No less impressive is Michael Tolaydo, who gives a tremendous and heartfelt performance as Mortera, the chief rabbi, a character who over time becomes less certain of changing his star pupil’s convictions and increasingly interested in simply keeping him safe by shutting him up. “What is human life but a deal, and a good deal?” he says, in the grave pleading tone of a father speaking to a son.

Misha Kachman’s handsome stained wood set design, which highlights a steep upstage bank of seats, mirrors the real audience and ups the judicial atmosphere, and Skidmore has actors frequently enter and exit through the house, as well as step out into the aisles to appeal to us directly. Not all shows are enhanced by such integration with the audience, but the civic feel it generates here adds immediacy to the judging of Spinoza’s conclusions — and the humanity of the young man who brought them forth.

“My head is not full of darkness,” Spinoza pleads toward show’s end. “It’s full of light.” Regardless of his fate in the final minutes, he’s right on that point for sure. Many thanks to Theater J for bringing the light back to a fun, gripping, and relevant show — and for another chance to light up our minds in return.

New Jerusalem runs thru April 1, 2012 at Theater J, 1529 Sixteenth Street, NW Washington, DC

New Jerusalem: The Interrogation of Baruch de Spinoza 

by David Ives
Directed by Jeremy Skidmore
Produced by Theater J
Reviewed by Hunter Styles

Highly recommended

Running time: approx. 2 hrs with one intermission

Related:  Theater J is hosting a month long series of discussions, culminating in  full day ‘Spinozium’, discourse, debate,  and new dramatized closing arguments. Details here.


  Other reviews 
Hunter Styles About Hunter Styles

Hunter Styles is the Artistic Director of Artists Bloc, a locally-focused workshop and presentation series for early-development performing arts pieces. He has written plays produced by Rorschach Theatre, Forum Theatre, Wayward Theatre, Flying V, and Grain of Sand. He received a Helen Hayes Award nomination for co-directing the Andy Warhol musical POP! at The Studio 2ndStage and has directed and assistant directed with Theater J, Rorschach Theatre, Synetic Theater, Doorway Arts Ensemble, Georgetown and American universities, and more. He is currently a staff member at Signature Theatre in Arlington and a company member of Factory 449. He has been writing for DC Theatre Scene since 2008 and for American Theatre magazine since 2012.


  1. Robert E. Olsen says:

    Our reactions to any play will invariably differ, although admittedly the performance of “New Jerusalem” that I saw earned a standing ovation from almost every theater-goer in the house.  The local critics have also raved about it.  Moreover, I will be the first to admit that David Ives is clearly a bright and accomplished playwright.  Everyone should see “New Jerusalem.”  Still, the text of the play has its detractors.  This is from a review of the Los Angeles premiere of “New Jerusalem” by Jason Rohrer, available online at stageandcinema dot com: “The playwright bears responsibility for some of the difficulties here.  A snapshot of one bad day in the life of the great Portuguese-Dutch philosopher Spinoza (Marco Naggar) – a merchant who faces ejection from the Jewish community for his inflammatory, revolutionary new ideas – the play mostly consists of unrefined, undisguised, didactic debate.  This deliberation on the nature of God works much of the time, but Ives’ construction and character development is dubious.”

  2. Rosalind Lacy MacLennan says:

    Although I passionately would defend anyone’s freedom to state their point of view, I wholeheartedly disagree with the previous comment. Yesterday afternoon, I sat in the side balcony next to a person who was seeing New Jerusalem for the second time and talking about returning for a third to bring a friend. That hardly sounds like a play that “…doesn’t make for good theater.”  As for my reaction, I felt the conflict intensely dramatic and relevant to today. Throughout this performance, I sat on the edge of my chair, so involved in every twist and turn in the intellectual duel taking place on stage, I almost fell out of the balcony. I thought Alexander Strain as Spinoza gave an inspired performance, well-matched by Michael Tolaydo’s Rabbi Mortera. I guess I agreed with the character Clara when in Act II, she testifies that Spinoza has “….ravished my heart but seeded my mind.”  

  3. Robert E. Olsen says:

    And now for another point of view. . . . This play doesn’t work for me.  It’s talky, occasionally flip, and insufficiently dramatic.  The spare set and costumes deprive the play of context, and the playwright’s words aren’t powerful enough to sustain it.  I would like to know more about the history of the Jews in Amsterdam, and of Spinoza’s excommunication from the Jewish “community” — actually from a thousand-member Portuguese synagogue, functioning as a kind of political unit of the city of Amsterdam — but the opposition here of pre-Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment values doesn’t make for good theater.  It’s one indisputable good guy versus one indisputable bad guy — a wan secular humanist versus a humorless revelationist — with a handful of bland, underdeveloped characters sharing the stage with them.  The only exception is Rabbi Mortera, who is more nuanced.  In fact, the rabbi’s confliction provides the only dramatic tension in the play.  The play should have been about him.



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